A command list for GIT based distributed version control and development

GIT is an important distributed version control discipline that any developer should adhere to. It gives you a command line based perspective to development and organizes the basic operations. As a developer one should be familiar with the daily chores of pull, commit, push local as well as on remote repositories.


Just before jumping into any learning its mandatory that you really understand the terminology and githubs help page is really helpful there. https://help.github.com/articles/github-glossary/

When you start working with Git then there is a standard sequence that one tends to follow. I found http://gitref.org useful. Anyways, here is a link which shows similar workflow as below and was edited on http://www.draw.io

Overall GIT versioning workflow diagram

Overall GIT versioning workflow diagram

General Guideline

  1. In order to achieve a sanitized version control we should always maintain a master and a develop branch in the repository in https://github.com/rawnics/ships.git, as is shown in the figure above with their respective git commands in a table below. The PROJ-R1 has a master stable branch and a development branch which is constantly in progress.
  2. The development proceeds in the develop branch and the code here is unit tested, verified and committed by the developer (3):Figure
  3. The develop branch is stable in capacity of nightly build and snapshot development release
  4. The master branch is the production release branch which contains stable release quality code
  5. According to plan as and when development matures into a release we merge that branch to master (4):Figure
  6. In case of a feature product say PROJ-R6, that we want to develop from the PROJ-R1 codebase we create a branch dev_r6 for that (5):Figure
  7. Once this feature product matures and there remains no commonality. We may move it to a separate repository altogether for further development with similar master/develop branch structure
  8. Tag is the most important identifier in the laundry list of commits & push. It should definitely be used for production/master branch to track and identify releases

GIT Commands

A. Workflow and commands for branching to develop and merging back to master repository
(1) Initialize repository
      Initialize a repo       : git init
      Add a remote repo : git remote add origin https://github.com/rawnics/ships.git
      Pull the master       : git pull origin master
(2) Branch checkout,
     List branches           : git ls-remote origin
     Checkout branch     : git checkout -b develop master
     Select branch           : git checkout develop
(3)  Code Changes      : echo “Development branch code base changed” >> Ships\README.md
       (3.1) Index              : git add .
       (3.2) Commit          : git commit -a -m “Development branch code base”
       (3.3) Remote push : git push origin develop
(4) Merge
     (4.1) Compare branch : git diff master develop
     (4.2) Merge develop    : git checkout master
                                            git merge develop
     (4.3) Remote push      : git push
     (4.4) Delete branch     : git branch -d develop
(5) Create feature product branch
(6) Tag branch version
    (6.1) Tag annotated    : git tag “1.0.0” -m “Beta 1.0.0”
    (6.2) Push to tag         : git push origin tag “1.0.0”

    (6.3) Checkout tag      : git checkout “1.0.0”

B. Workflow to understand the basic checkout from and to master repo without branching

Initialize a repo          : git init
Add a remote repo    : git remote add origin https://github.com/rawnics/ships.git
Pull the master          : git pull origin master
Do your changes      : echo “Test Entry for demonstrating change” > Ships\README.md
Stage files                 : git add .
Commit file                : git commit -a -m “new buggy commit of README.md”
Pushed the change   : git push origin master
Check status            : git status
C. Workflow to contribute to a repository by Fork and Pull Request scenario

Fork the repository you want to contribute to in your github account. This setup will have an upstream repository which you just forked, an origin repository which is pointing to your github account and your local master versioned repository branch.
(1) Setup
Initialize a repo             : git init
Add a remote repo        : git remote add origin https://github.com/rawnics/ships.git
Add a upstream repo    : git remote add upstream https://github.com/AWNICS/ships.git
Merge the master          : git pull origin master
Merge the upstream     : git pull upstream master
(2) Checkout Branch
# Start working with the develop branch with a pull-merge
Checkout a branch        : git checkout develop
Merge/Pull a branch     : git pull upstream develop
(3) Commit & Push
# Commit and push branches to your origin like in Section B
git add .
git commit -m “Updated the code” –author=”Rahul Vishwakarma <rahul@awnics.com>”
git push origin develop
git push origin master
(4) Pull Request
 # Github repository
 Create a pull request for AWNICS repository from your Github page

Now there are some jargons that one needs to be familiar with and that can be pulled from the help. I was scouring the net and this video looked really promising.

In case you want an exhaustive description with some fundamentals.